In a research study of 150 participants concluding in 2015, a nurse and researcher at the City of Hope Cancer Center studied 150 cancer patients and found that 78% of those who utilized hypnosis experienced significant, lasting decrease in symptoms such as stress and anxiety, pain, insomnia, tiredness, nausea and throwing up. [5.1]
In 2013, researchers from the Mount Sinai School of Medicine and the City of Hope Cancer Center reviewed the empirical literature on hypnosis as a cancer avoidance and control strategy. They concluded that hypnosis has strong support for use in surgery and other intrusive treatments and shows pledge to help with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and metastatic illness. [5.2]
In 2005, researchers from healthcare facilities and hospices in the UK studied the impact of hypnosis on 20 hospice cancer clients. They found that hypnotherapy did assist the cancer clients with insomnia, frequent bowel actions, irritation, pain, chemotherapy negative effects like nausea and tiredness, and stress and anxiety. They also concluded that the “best time for hypnotherapy to be used to cancer patients is right at the time of diagnosis.” [5.3]
5.1. Nurse-Led Hypnosis Service
This independent nursing practice offers hypnosis services to cancer patients for the management of cancer and cancer treatment-related side-effects consisting of pain, anxiety, queasiness and throwing up, depression, insomnia, and tiredness. In addition, behavioral change (smoking cigarettes and weight management) may be attended to.
5.2. Hypnosis for Cancer Care: Over 200 Years Young
Notes: Hypnosis has actually been used to provide psychological and physical convenience to people diagnosed with cancer for almost 200 years. The objectives of this review are: 1) to explain hypnosis and its parts and to eliminate misunderstandings; 2) to provide an introduction of hypnosis as a cancer prevention and control strategy (covering its usage in weight management, smoking cessation, as an accessory to diagnostic and treatment procedures, survivorship, and metastatic illness); and 3) to go over future research directions. In general, the literature supports the advantages of hypnosis for enhancing quality of life throughout the course of cancer and its treatment.
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, Volume 63, Problem 1, pages 31-44, January/February 2013
By: Man H. Montgomery Ph.D., Director, Integrative Behavioral Medicine Program, Partner Professor, Department of Oncological Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medication, New York City, NY
Julie B. Schnur Ph.D., Co-Director, Integrative Behavioral Medication Program, Assistant Professor, Department of Oncological Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York City, NY
Kate Kravits MA, RN, HNB-BC, LPC, NCC, ATR-BC, Elder Research Specialist, Department of Nursing Research and Education, Department of Population Sciences, City of Hope, Duarte, CA
5.3. Effectiveness of Hypnotherapy as a Supplement Therapy in Cancer Intervention
Results: Of the 20 clients who completed the 3 sessions of hypnotherapy all reported varying degrees of anxiety. 5 patients wanted to have hypnotherapy for insomnia as a main presenting complain, 1 for extreme itching during night time, 1 for exceedingly regular bowel actions – 8 to 10 times a day for the in 2015, which usually interfered with his social life and avoided him from heading out, 8 wanted to have hypnotherapy for pain control, 3 clients selected hypnotherapy to prevent the negative effects of chemotherapy and 2 clients had it particularly for extreme stress and anxiety and anxiety attack.
The 5 patients who had hypnotherapy for sleeping disorders all reported improved sleeping patterns even after the very first session. After the third session none of them experienced sleeping disorders and this result was sustained till the followup, which was 3 to 4 months after the first session. They also reported increased energy levels, less tiredness and enhanced hunger. 2 of the patients with sleeping disorders have been on Temazepam 10mg prior to bed, which they voluntarily stopped taking after the first session.
The patient with nighttime itching reported that their itchiness stopped after the first session and she continued with the staying 2 hypnotherapy sessions working towards discomfort control.
The client with regular bowel action reported that he managed to half the number of times he went to the toilet after the 2nd session.
Of the 8 patients who had hypnotherapy for pain control, all reported that the intensity of discomfort has substantially been decreased and as an outcome they have actually lowered successor dosage of opiate analgesics taken daily.
The 3 patients, who participated in the research study to prevent the adverse effects of chemotherapy, also reported very good results without any nausea, illness and less loss of energy, which remained in contrast with their previous experience with chemotherapy.
The majority of the patients (19 out of 20) reported that after the very first 2 hypnotherapy sessions they were able to relax for the first time in a long duration, felt less exhausted and more energetic, had more rejuvenating night sleep and as a result were able to cope better with their daily activities.
It appears that the very best time for hypnotherapy to be offered to cancer clients is right at the time of diagnosis. Because way, patients will have the ability to establish better coping abilities much previously in the illness process, which will assist them to potentially avoid severe anxiety, depression and panic attacks from establishing. They will have better treatment compliance and typically will have a more positive psychological action to their illness, which has actually been suggested as a good prognostic factor with an impact on survival.
Notes: All the clients who participated in the trial were day hospice patients of Ann Delhom Centre, Wisdom Hospice, Rochester, UK. Clients were used three hypnotherapy sessions and were assessed before the very first session and after the third one together with a follow up after 3/4 months after the last session. On the first session all the patients were taught “progressive muscle relaxation” and self- hypnosis. Brief ego boosting was likewise included at the end of the session. The 2nd and 3rd sessions were various for each client depending upon the revealed signs and due to the fact that of that were always separately tailored. The majority of the sessions consisted of directed imagery and direct restorative tips.
European Journal of Scientific Hypnosis: 2005 Volume 6– Issue 1
By: Dr Rumi Peynovska, Dr Jackie Fisher, Dr David Oliver, Prof V.M. MathewStone Home Healthcare Facility, Dartford, West Kent NHS and Social Care Trust, Knowledge Hospice, Rochester, Medway NHS Trust
Dr Rumi Peynovska MD, MSc, FBAMH– Research Study Fellow, Stone Home Medical Facility, Dartford, West Kent NHS Trust
Dr Jackie Fisher BSc, MRCGP– Consultant in Palliative Medication, Knowledge Hospice, Rochester, Medway NHS Trust
Dr David Oliver BSc, FRCGP– Consultant and Medical Director, Knowledge Hospice, Rochester, Medway NHS Trust
Prof. V.M. Mathew MBBS, MPhil, MRCPsych– Medical Director, Stone Home Healthcare Facility, Dartford, West Kent NHS Trust