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Psychology Unit 3 Flashcards

According to research, the most important factor in allowing a person to be successfully hypnotized is thea. skill and experience of the hypnotist.b. suggestibility of the individual being hypnotized.c. likability of the hypnotist.d. size of the audience watching the hypnosis.b. suggestibility of the individual being hypnotized.Mandy typically gets a good night of sleep. However,…

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According to research, the most important factor in allowing a person to be successfully hypnotized is the
a. skill and experience of the hypnotist.
b. suggestibility of the individual being hypnotized.
c. likability of the hypnotist.
d. size of the audience watching the hypnosis.

b. suggestibility of the individual being hypnotized.

Mandy typically gets a good night of sleep. However, last night, she stayed up all night studying for her exam. After this one night of sleep deprivation, the next day Mandy will most likely have trouble
a. moving heavy boxes up the stairs.
b. figuring out the answer to a complex physics problem.
c. jogging a mile around the track.
d. reading a book in a quiet room.

d. reading a book in a quiet room.

Which of the following drugs is a hallucinogenic?
a. methamphetamine
b. MDMA
c. morphine
d. cocaine

b. MDMA

Juan believes that the prefrontal cortex is responsible for consciousness. Pierre disagrees, saying that no single area of the brain is responsible for consciousness, and that instead specific areas process certain types of information. Pierre most likely believes in the ________ model of consciousness.
a. dissociation
b. activation synthesis
c. restorative
d. global workspace

d. global workspace

When Marisol is running during marathons she gets a runner’s high. During these times she most likely experiences
a. altered consciousness.
b. dopamine release in the brain.
c. automatic processing of the running itself.
d. a shift in her breathing pattern.

a. altered consciousness.

Which of the following is most likely an example of a controlled process?
a. blinking one’s eyes
b. walking around the block
c. chewing a bite of food
d. roller-skating for the first time

d. roller-skating for the first time

Three of the following people are practicing meditation to achieve an altered state of consciousness. Which person is NOT practicing one of the various forms of meditation?
a. Larry focuses attention on one thing, such as his breathing pattern.
b. Genevieve consciously tries to stop her inner thought processes.
c. Miguel is repeating a mantra.
d. Ariel is listening to her thoughts without responding.

b. Genevieve consciously tries to stop her inner thought processes.

A split-brain client is shown a frog in her right visual field. This information is processed by
a. the left side of her occipital lobe.
b. the right side of her occipital lobe.
c. both sides of her occipital lobe.
d. her prefrontal cortex.

a. the left side of her occipital lobe.

The idea that the activity of neurons in the brain produces consciousness is called
Select one:
a. dualism.
b. materialism.
c. consolidation theory.
d. dissociation theory.

b. materialism.

Occasionally, Jessie will fall asleep at inappropriate times, for example, in the middle of talking to a customer at work. Based on this information, Jessie might be experiencing
a. narcolepsy.
b. somnambulism.
c. REM behavior disorder.
d. insomnia.

a. narcolepsy.

Rhianna had been asleep for 30 minutes when she was awakened by her roommate screaming at her to pick up the phone. Rhianna was extremely confused, so she grabbed her shoe and said “Hello?” Before she was awakened, Rhianna was most likely in ________ sleep.
a. REM
b. stage 1
c. stage 2
d. slow-wave

d. slow-wave

A split-brain client is shown a frog in her right visual field. She is asked to identify what she sees. She most likely will be able to
a. point to the frog with her left hand.
b. point to the frog with both hands.
c. say the word frog.
d. write the word frog with her left hand.

c. say the word frog.

To be considered a hallucinogenic, a drug must
a. alter sensation and perception.
b. alter behavioral activity.
c. decrease emotional activity.
d. decrease mental activity.

a. alter sensation and perception.

When Terry stopped using a certain prescription drug, he got very anxious and had severe headaches. Terry’s experience is most likely a result of
a. tolerance.
b. psychological dependence.
c. withdrawal.
d. addiction.

c. withdrawal.

After Mork has gone through one full sleep cycle, his heart beats faster, his breathing grows fast and irregular, and his closed eyes begin to move back and forth. Mork is most likely experiencing
a. REM behavior disorder.
b. REM sleep.
c. stage 1 sleep.
d. stage 3/4 sleep.

b. REM sleep.

According to the global workspace model, consciousness is a function of
a. the degree of damage to certain brain regions.
b. only stimulation of visual processing areas.
c. activity in specific brain regions.
d. the average level of arousal across all brain regions.

c. activity in specific brain regions.

One major cause of insomnia is
a. a lack of REM sleep.
b. altered theta waves.
c. narcolepsy.
d. worrying about sleep.

d. worrying about sleep

Meditation seems to affect cognitive processing in all of the following ways EXCEPT by
a. improving attentional processing.
b. preserving brain function during aging.
c. reducing stress.
d. reducing pain.

d. reducing pain.

Which of the following drugs is an opiate?
a. cocaine
b. methamphetamine
c. heroin
d. MDMA

c. heroin

In an experiment, researchers found that when given the word pair ocean-moon, followed by the word detergent, participants typically said the word tide. When asked to explain their word choice, participants were unaware that the word pair had influenced their responses. This supports the concept of
a. subjective perception.
b. controlled processing.
c. conscious processing.
d. subliminal perception.

d. subliminal perception.

Which of the following correctly describes how meditation affects brain function?
a. Long-term practicing can lead to structural brain changes.
b. Short-term practicing can lead to structural brain changes.
c. Meditation and hypnosis affect brain function the same way.
d. Meditation does not affect brain function.

a. Long-term practicing can lead to structural brain changes.

Esther dreams that she is swimming. Following Freud’s perspective, Esther’s therapist suggests that her dream represents a hidden unconscious desire for sexual intimacy. Accordingly, the therapist would most likely say that
a. in the dream the images of swimming was the manifest content.
b. in the dream the images of swimming was the latent content.
c. random neural activity resulted in the unconscious sexual desire.
d. random neural activity caused the images about swimming.

a. in the dream the images of swimming was the manifest content.

After Mork has gone through one full sleep cycle, his heart beats faster, his breathing grows fast and irregular, and his closed eyes begin to move back and forth. A researcher who is monitoring Mork’s EEG activity will most likely see ________ waves.
a. theta
b. delta
c. alpha
d. beta

d. beta

Which of the following statements does NOT describe an adaptive and beneficial function of sleep?
a. Sleep enables the brain to restore itself.
b. Activity is limited during sleep, keeping us safe from harm.
c. Sleep strengthens neural connections that increase learning.
d. Sleep allows us to imagine and dream.

d. Sleep allows us to imagine and dream.

Which of the following is NOT a factor in the development of addiction?
a. attraction to novelty and risk taking
b. poor relationships with parents
c. inherited tendency to sensation seeking
d. personal beliefs that addiction is a choice

d. personal beliefs that addiction is a choice

Aaron is asleep. His breathing has become more regular and he is less sensitive to external stimulation. A researcher can confirm that Aaron is in stage 2 sleep by looking for ________ on Aaron’s EEGs.
a. alpha waves
b. K-complexes
c. beta waves
d. delta waves

b. K-complexes

In severe cases, which disorder may require the corpus callosum to be surgically severed?
a. dementia
b. epilepsy
c. Alzheimer’s disease
d. Parkinson’s disease

b. epilepsy

Which of the following is NOT associated with an altered state of consciousness?
a. runner’s high
b. religious ecstasy
c. automatic processing
d. flow state

c. automatic processing

After playing a difficult soccer match that wore his body out, Jon slept for an extra four hours. Jon’s extra sleep is best explained by ________ theory.
a. circadian rhythm
b. dissociation
c. restorative
d. consolidation

c. restorative

Methamphetamine increases the concentration of dopamine in the synapse, just like another stimulant, called
a. cocaine.
b. MDMA.
c. alcohol.
d. heroin.

a. cocaine.

After taking a drug at a party, Fawn became energetic, talkative, and lively. Which drug did Fawn most likely use?
a. alcohol
b. cocaine
c. heroin
d. marijuana

b. cocaine

Byron drinks five cups of coffee each day during the work week. Whenever he sleeps late on Saturdays, he wakes up with a headache that only goes away when he has a cup of coffee. Based on this you know that Byron is most likely experiencing
a. tolerance.
b. psychological dependence.
c. withdrawal.
d. contextual cravings.

c. withdrawal.

After split-brain surgery, a picture of a blue chair is shown to the client’s right hemisphere. When given a pencil to draw what she sees, using her left hand, the client draws
a. a chair.
b. nothing.
c. half of a chair.
d. another piece of furniture.

a. a chair.

Consciousness is best defined as
a. one’s subjective experiences of the external world and one’s mental activity.
b. one’s ability to objectively pay attention to important information.
c. moving from a state of sleep to a state of wakefulness.
d. processing of sensory information without full awareness.

a. one’s subjective experiences of the external world and one’s mental activity.

Which of the following is NOT a psychoactive drug that alters consciousness?
a. a stimulant
b. a hallucinogenic
c. a depressant
d. an antibiotic

d. an antibiotic

REM sleep is called paradoxical sleep because the
a. person is not really asleep.
b. person’s body is asleep, but the person’s brain is active.
c. person’s brain is asleep, but the person’s body is active.
d. person has no awareness of being asleep.

b. person’s body is asleep, but the person’s brain is active.

Carla just took an amphetamine, which means that her heart rate and blood pressure will
a. fluctuate continuously.
b. remain unchanged.
c. increase.
d. decrease.

c. increase.

Which of the following best describes subliminal perception?
a. processing of sensory information with conscious awareness
b. processing of sensory information without conscious awareness
c. an unconscious thought that is expressed at an inappropriate time
d. an unconscious thought that soon becomes conscious

b. processing of sensory information without conscious awareness

Which of the following is most likely an example of an automatic process?
a. walking down the sidewalk
b. learning how to drive in snowy weather
c. taking a difficult test
d. threading a tiny needle for the first time

a. walking down the sidewalk

Circadian rhythms can best be described as
a. heartbeats that trigger a change in blood circulation.
b. the changes that occur in wakefulness after jet lag and shift work.
c. the regulation of biological cycles into regular, daily patterns.
d. the time between sunrise and sunset, which determines sleep patterns.

c. the regulation of biological cycles into regular, daily patterns.

As you sleep through the night, REM sleep
a. increases relative to the other stages.
b. decreases relative to the other stages.
c. is more likely to involve dreaming.
d. is less likely to involve dreaming.

a. increases relative to the other stages.

Angie had brain surgery. Although she can function quite normally, she is unable to verbally report the name of an object that is shown to her left visual field. However, when the same object is shown to her right visual field, she can verbally name the object. Based on this information, Angie’s brain surgery likely involved severing the
Select one:
a. corpus callosum.
b. temporal lobe.
c. frontal lobe.
d. left hemisphere.

a. corpus callosum.

Some types of depressant drugs are specifically used for
Select one:
a. creating intense feelings of pleasure.
b. increasing heart rate.
c. increasing mental activity.
d. relieving worry.

d. relieving worry.

Hypnosis, meditation, and drug use all allow individuals to
Select one:
a. change the quality of their consciousness.
b. achieve a sense of flow.
c. consciously change their behaviors.
d. spend longer time in REM sleep.

a. change the quality of their consciousness.

To treat his epilepsy, doctors sever Liam’s corpus callosum. As a result, Liam will
Select one:
a. experience a loss of consciousness.
b. be unable to walk.
c. have a split brain.
d. be unable to form new memories.

c. have a split brain.

In a research study, participants were shown images with houses superimposed on faces and asked whether they saw a house or a face. When researchers looked at the participants’ brain responses during this task, what did they find?
Select one:
a. Brain activity changed depending on whether participants said they saw a house or a face.
b. Brain activity was the same, regardless of whether participants said they saw a house or a face.
c. Participants’ brains emitted large, slow-wave activity equally for both images.
d. Participants’ brains had activity in two regions, indicating that they saw both the house and the face.

a. Brain activity changed depending on whether participants said they saw a house or a face.

You want to convince your friend that the relationship between the conscious mind and the physical brain is best explained by the materialism view. To do this, you should provide evidence that
Select one:
a. brain processes create the experiences of the mind.
b. the mind and the brain are separate but interconnected.
c. conscious processing in the brain creates the unconscious mind.
d. the brain, not the mind, experiences altered consciousness.

a. brain processes create the experiences of the mind.

Which of the following is NOT associated with an altered state of consciousness?
Select one:
a. intense concentration during an enjoyable activity
b. receiving a posthypnotic suggestion that affects behavior
c. talking on the phone while taking a walk
d. practicing mindfulness meditation

c. talking on the phone while taking a walk

Because of a heart condition, you decide to try transcendental meditation to improve your health. The benefit that you are most likely to experience is
Select one:
a. lowered blood pressure.
b. greater physical strength.
c. increased intelligence.
d. diminished gray matter in the brain.

a. lowered blood pressure.

In her dream, Lisa has just won the lottery. Her friend interprets the dream as Lisa’s unconscious obsession with money and wealth. Her friend’s statement indicates that she is focusing on the ________ content of the dream.
Select one:
a. manifest
b. latent
c. activation-synthesis
d. consolidation

b. latent

Linnea said that last night she had dreams about daily activities, such as what she was going to wear to school and what pen to bring to class. Based on the nature of the dreams, it is most likely that Linnea had the dream in ________ sleep.
Select one:
a. non-REM
b. REM
c. hypnotic
d. lucid

a. non-REM

To be considered a depressant, a drug must ________ mental activity and ________ physical activity.
Select one:
a. increase; increase
b. decrease; decrease
c. increase; decrease
d. decrease; increase

b. decrease; decrease

The brain area that influences the secretion of melatonin is the
Select one:
a. pineal gland.
b. reticular formation.
c. suprachiasmatic nucleus.
d. substantia nigra.

a. pineal gland.

Kate’s brain has suffered damage to its right hemisphere. Which of the following tasks is LEAST likely to be affected?
a. rearranging furniture
b. balancing her checkbook
c. stacking blocks
d. drawing a picture

b. balancing her checkbook

Raya has been knitting for many years. Jade just started learning how to knit yesterday. For Raya, knitting is most likely a(n) ________ process, and for Jade, knitting is most likely a(n) ________ process.
a. automatic; controlled
b. controlled; automatic
c. subjective; objective
d. objective; subjective

a. automatic; controlled

According to the sociocognitive theory, hypnosis
Select one:
a. is a true, trancelike state.
b. is a state where conscious awareness is dissociated from the mind.
c. causes people to play the role of being hypnotized.
d. causes people to experience altered sleep patterns.

c. causes people to play the role of being hypnotized.

Meghan is under the influence of a drug. She feels energized and is also experiencing altered visual perception. Meghan most likely took the drug
Select one:
a. MDMA.
b. cocaine.
c. heroin.
d. methamphetamine.

a. MDMA.

Tasha is a sleep-deprived college student. In class today, Tasha found her eyes rolling and her arm twitched. Tasha was most likely experiencing
a. REM behavior disorder.
b. stage 2 sleep.
c. narcolepsy.
d. stage 1 sleep.

d. stage 1 sleep.

Which of the following drugs is a stimulant?
Select one:
a. cocaine
b. alcohol
c. heroin
d. codeine

a. cocaine

Becky, a 35-year-old mother, sleeps whenever her six-month-old baby does. Even though Becky and her infant get the same amount of sleep, according to consolidation theory, Becky will spend ________ time in ________ sleep compared with her baby.
Select one:
a. more; REM
b. less; REM
c. more; slow-wave
d. less; slow-wave

b. less; REM

Dreams that happen during REM sleep are ________; dreams that happen during non-REM sleep are ________.
Select one:
a. dull; highly emotional
b. highly emotional; dull
c. easily understandable; highly illogical
d. highly emotional; highly illogical

b. highly emotional; dull

As Isaac reads his textbook, he gets more and more drowsy and is just about to fall asleep. His brain activity will most likely be characterized by ________ waves.
Select one:
a. alpha
b. beta
c. theta
d. delta

a. alpha

Your roommate says that you seem to wake up dozens of times in the night, gasping for air, but are totally unaware of it. Based on this information, you may be experiencing
Select one:
a. narcolepsy.
b. insomnia.
c. REM behavior disorder.
d. sleep apnea.

d. sleep apnea.

According to the sociocognitive theory of hypnosis, people who are hypnotized are
Select one:
a. acting out what they think is expected of them.
b. following the hypnotist’s directions to get attention.
c. in a state of consciousness where they are more willing to do as asked.
d. in a state of consciousness where their inhibitions are impaired.

a. acting out what they think is expected of them.

In a person with a normally functioning brain, the part of the brain that typically controls speech is the
Select one:
a. left hemisphere.
b. right hemisphere.
c. occipital lobe.
d. parietal lobe.

a. left hemisphere.

The fact that the brain acts as an interpreter refers to the ability of the
Select one:
a. right hemisphere to construct a world that makes sense.
b. left hemisphere to construct a world that makes sense.
c. right hemisphere to process speech.
d. left hemisphere to process speech.

b. left hemisphere to construct a world that makes sense.

Heroin increases pleasure by ________ receptors.
Select one:
a. activating serotonin
b. inhibiting dopamine
c. blocking opiate
d. binding with opiate

d. binding with opiate

The part of the brain that is NOT involved in maintaining sleep/wake cycles is the
Select one:
a. suprachiasmatic nucleus.
b. pineal gland.
c. hypothalamus.
d. hippocampus.

d. hippocampus.

To be considered a stimulant, a drug must ________ mental activity and ________ physical activity.
Select one:
a. increase; increase
b. decrease; decrease
c. increase; decrease
d. decrease; increase

a. increase; increase

Stimulant drugs have all of the following effects EXCEPT
Select one:
a. increasing heart rate.
b. increasing blood pressure.
c. improving mood.
d. increasing sleep.

d. increasing sleep.

Marvello the hypnotist puts Van in a trance and tells him to cluck like a chicken whenever he sees a fire truck in the week following the show. Marvello is trying to influence Van’s behavior
Select one:
a. by giving him a posthypnotic suggestion.
b. by creating hypnotic analgesia.
c. through dissociative hypnosis.
d. through sociocognitive hypnosis.

a. by giving him a posthypnotic suggestion.

Which statement about hypnosis is true?
Select one:
a. When hypnotized, a person experiences consciousness that is the same as sleeping.
b. When hypnotized, a person is under the complete control of someone else.
c. Hypnosis does not result in an altered state of consciousness.
d. Hypnosis can change a person’s pattern of brain activity.

d. Hypnosis can change a person’s pattern of brain activity.

Giacomo has used methamphetamines for a while. To feel the effects of the drug, he now has to take more of it than he used to, which means that Giacomo is experiencing
Select one:
a. tolerance.
b. dependence.
c. withdrawal.
d. addiction.

a. tolerance.

If you want to increase the production of melatonin, you should
Select one:
a. sit under a bright light.
b. go outside during the day.
c. sit in a completely dark room.
d. go for a walk at sunset.

c. sit in a completely dark room.

Which of the following is a potential drawback of using automatic processing?
Select one:
a. It can only be used to learn complex tasks.
b. It requires a lot of attention and effort.
c. We are not able to focus attention on other things.
d. We are less likely to remember relevant details.

d. We are less likely to remember relevant details.

One way to achieve an altered state of consciousness is by focusing your attention on one thing, like your pattern of breathing. A deep sense of tranquility can be achieved through this process of ________ meditation.
Select one:
a. mindfulness
b. concentrative
c. transcendental
d. hypnotic

b. concentrative

According to the dissociation theory of hypnosis, people who are hypnotized are
Select one:
a. acting out what they think is expected of them.
b. following the hypnotist’s directions to get attention.
c. in an altered state where awareness is separated from other parts of consciousness.
d. in a state of consciousness where their inhibitions are impaired.

c. in an altered state where awareness is separated from other parts of consciousness.

Sleeping people who show theta waves on their EEGs are most likely in ________ sleep.
Select one:
a. stage 1
b. stage 2
c. stage 3/4
d. REM

a. stage 1

Which of the following actions does NOT typically happen during sleep?
Select one:
a. analyzing danger
b. controlling body movements
c. finding comfortable body positions
d. experiencing conscious awareness

d. experiencing conscious awareness

You are lying by the pool, relaxing with your eyes closed, and feeling drowsy. In this situation, the type of brain waves that would most likely show up on your EEGs are
Select one:
a. delta.
b. alpha.
c. beta.
d. theta

b. alpha.

Penelope has been drinking coffee for the past 10 years. She says she needs the caffeine just to get through the day. Today, she has not had any coffee, and has a severe headache, fatigue, and shakiness. Penelope is most likely ________ dependent on caffeine.
Select one:
a. psychologically
b. socially
c. behaviorally
d. physically

d. physically

Odin is asleep when his neighbor starts banging on his window. Odin barely moves, and when he does finally wake up, he is confused and disoriented. Before he was awakened, Odin was most likely in ________ sleep.
Select one:
a. stage 1
b. stage 2
c. slow-wave
d. REM

c. slow-wave

In an experiment, researchers found that when given the word pair ocean-moon, followed by the word detergent, participants typically said the word tide. Participants were then asked why they said tide. Which of the following explanations was a participant LEAST likely to give?
a. “My mom used Tide when I was growing up.”
b. “I see Tide commercials on television all the time.”
c. “The ocean-moon word pair reminded me of the tide.”
d. “I love the way Tide cleans my bright colors.”

c. “The ocean-moon word pair reminded me of the tide.”

Altered consciousness can be achieved through all of the following EXCEPT
Select one:
a. hypnosis.
b. psychoactive drug use.
c. meditation.
d. subliminal perception.

d. subliminal perception.

Which of the following people is most likely experiencing flow?
Select one:
a. Jill, who uses automatic processes when she commutes to work every day
b. Peter, who feels a runner’s high while running seven miles
c. Linda, who is trying to read 30 pages of her text for a quiz later today
d. Chris, who must clean the car before his girlfriend arrives in a few minutes

b. Peter, who feels a runner’s high while running seven miles

After split-brain surgery, a picture of a blue chair is processed by the patient’s right hemisphere. When asked what she sees, the patient will most likely
Select one:
a. say that she sees “a chair.”
b. not be able to verbally describe what she saw.
c. say that she sees “something blue.”
d. only be able to say that she sees “a piece of furniture.”

b. not be able to verbally describe what she saw.

Lizbeth uses mindfulness meditation to achieve an altered state of consciousness by
Select one:
a. focusing her attention on repeating a mantra.
b. allowing her thoughts to flow freely without reacting to them.
c. keeping her eyes open throughout the experience.
d. meditating for 20 minutes a day, twice a day.

b. allowing her thoughts to flow freely without reacting to them.

According to the sociocognitive theory, hypnosis
Select one:
a. is a true, trancelike state.
b. is a state where conscious awareness is dissociated from the mind.
c. causes people to play the role of being hypnotized.
d. causes people to experience altered sleep patterns.

c. causes people to play the role of being hypnotized.

While dreaming that she is riding a bicycle, Millie actually moves around in bed making arm and leg motions similar to those of a cyclist. Millie is most likely experiencing
Select one:
a. narcolepsy.
b. sleep apnea.
c. REM behavior disorder.
d. insomnia.

c. REM behavior disorder.

Gina got drunk last night, which made her feel disinhibited and relaxed because alcohol is a(n)
Select one:
a. hallucinogenic.
b. opiate.
c. depressant.
d. stimulant.

c. depressant.

Which of the following is NOT an example of consciousness?
Select one:
a. moment-by-moment subjective experiences
b. paying attention to one’s surroundings
c. reflecting on one’s thoughts
d. being in a persistent vegetative state

d. being in a persistent vegetative state

Four people of different ages volunteer to take part in a sleep study that monitors their brain waves. The volunteer who will likely spend the most time in REM sleep is a
Select one:
a. 3-year-old girl.
b. 13-year-old girl
c. three-month-old boy.
d. 30-year-old man.

c. three-month-old boy.

Your child wakes up during the first hour or two after going to bed and walks around his room with a glassy-eyed look. Based on this information, your child most likely has a sleep disorder called
Select one:
a. sleep apnea.
b. somnambulism.
c. REM behavior disorder.
d. narcolepsy.

b. somnambulism.

At what sleep stage does your breathing become more regular and your awareness of external stimulation decrease?
Select one:
a. REM
b. stage 1
c. stage 2
d. stage 3/4

c. stage 2

Elizabeth is awake and alert while playing a video game. Her brain activity will most likely be characterized by ________ waves.
Select one:
a. alpha
b. beta
c. theta
d. delta

b. beta

You tell your friend Betty about a dream in which you were a giant cupcake. Betty tells you the dream was meaningless and was only caused by random neural firings during sleep. Based on this you know that Betty most likely believes in the ________ theory of dreaming.
Select one:
a. restorative
b. activation-synthesis
c. dissociation
d. circadian rhythm

b. activation-synthesis

REM sleep is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
Select one:
a. increased brain activity.
b. dreaming.
c. body paralysis.
d. K-complexes.

d. K-complexes.

Which of the following is most likely an example of an automatic process?
Select one:
a. walking down the sidewalk
b. learning how to drive in snowy weather
c. taking a difficult test
d. threading a tiny needle for the first time

a. walking down the sidewalk

You tell your friend Betty about a dream in which you were a giant cupcake. Betty says it means that you have an unconscious desire to drop out of college and become a baker. Betty’s statement is describing the ________ content of the dream.
Select one:
a. manifest
b. activation-synthesis
c. latent
d. consolidation

c. latent

Occasionally, Jessie will fall asleep at inappropriate times, for example, in the middle of talking to a customer at work. Based on this information, Jessie might be experiencing
Select one:
a. narcolepsy.
b. somnambulism.
c. REM behavior disorder.
d. insomnia.

a. narcolepsy.

Sienna is giving a verbal presentation in her political science class. During her presentation it is most likely that the ________ is more active than the ________ hemisphere.
Select one:
a. left hemisphere; right
b. right hemisphere; left
c. parietal lobe; right
d. parietal lobe; left

a. left hemisphere; right

The part of the brain that is NOT involved in maintaining sleep/wake cycles is the
Select one:
a. suprachiasmatic nucleus.
b. pineal gland.
c. hypothalamus.
d. hippocampus.

d. hippocampus.

When a person experiences changes in memory, perception, or voluntary action as a result of suggestions made by another person, he or she is most likely experiencing
Select one:
a. hypnosis.
b. meditation.
c. flow.
d. REM sleep.

a. hypnosis.

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